We're Running Out of These Elements — Here's How

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  • Published: 07 November 2019
  • Phones, TVs, solar panels, and electric car batteries are all made of some rare and unusual elements. As our modern world creates more and more of these technologies, will things go from "rare" to "nonexistent" and what will we do then?

    Hosted by: Michael Aranda

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    Sources:
    rsc.org/periodic-table/element/13/aluminium
    rsc.org/periodic-table/element/27/cobalt
    rsc.org/periodic-table/element/33/arsenic
    rsc.org/periodic-table/element/49/indium

    oulu.fi/energy/node/46134
    prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-indiu.pdf
    bgs.ac.uk/mineralsUK/statistics/riskList.html
    gizmodo.com/most-commercial-graphene-is-just-expensive-pencil-lead-1829625572
    pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
    acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/earthelements.html
    offgridweb.com/preparation/understanding-ferrocerium-what-it-is-how-it-works/
    pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3078/pdf/fs2014-3078.pdf
    link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13563-018-0160-0
    sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/monazite
    pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
    io9.gizmodo.com/how-chinas-rare-earth-weapon-went-from-boom-to-bust-1653638596
    mineralseducationcoalition.org/minerals-database/arsenic/
    pnas.org/content/112/14/4257.full#ref-5
    cobaltinstitute.org/lithium-ion-batteries.html
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
    prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-galli.pdf
    phys.org/news/2019-05-china-threat-deprive-rare-earths.html
    royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rsta.2011.0563
    resourcepanel.org/file/381/download?token=he_rldvr
    prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-arsen.pdf
    sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S089268750900106X
    onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
    copper.org/publications/newsletters/innovations/2004/05/producing_copper_natures_way_bioleaching.html
    jchps.com/specialissues/Special%20issue3/33%20jchps%20si3%20addn%20kavitha%20147-149.pdf
    ------
    Images:
    videoblocks.com/video/repairing-and-changing-of-a-screen-on-a-iphone-mobile-phone-rlfmaf56vjw7npysh
    istockphoto.com/vector/periodic-table-of-elements-gm1142193660-306312056
    videoblocks.com/video/flying-over-rows-of-solar-panels-r193mwuhxjnwc60uj
    istockphoto.com/photo/open-pit-zink-mine-gm153767196-14910788
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Comments • 1 684

  • Andre Fouche
    Andre Fouche  2 hours back

    Remember the climate will always change no matter what we do.

    • Jebediah Clang
      Jebediah Clang  12 hours back

      Nomophones b!tches. Get used to it.
      Hahaha

      • Eugene InLaw
        Eugene InLaw  22 hours back

        Get to asteroid mining already!

        • SPOOKS
          SPOOKS  1 days back

          thorium cam hardly be considered radioactive, and both thorium and urainium are incredibly good at making energy.

          • Cj's Bullshittery
            Cj's Bullshittery  1 days back

            I really like this guy idk why

            • Abby Leonard
              Abby Leonard  1 days back

              Basically stop using electronics or your killing the planet and causing global warmins

              • Karl Tsang
                Karl Tsang  2 days back

                Guess it's time to turn to the alchemists again.....

                • SuperAnime4444
                  SuperAnime4444  2 days back

                  This is why I drop electronics at Best Buy's bins instead of throwing them into the garbage.

                  • psychotikpaisano
                    psychotikpaisano  3 days back

                    Hmm. Titanium will spark if struck against another piece of itself

                    • Al Rats
                      Al Rats  3 days back

                      It's criminal that we have constructed a society where the end of life of products are not considered in the design of the product.

                      • Matthew Weisenburger
                        Matthew Weisenburger  3 days back

                        Just another reason to travel to other planets

                        • Tonechild
                          Tonechild  3 days back

                          All of the elements are just made up of electrons and neutrons, so, just grab those and put them together, then you get whatever elements you need. Probably just need a lot of energy, which you can get from nuclear fusion, which by the way probably makes elements too.

                          • El Asesino
                            El Asesino  3 days back

                            recycle much

                            • spijkerpoes
                              spijkerpoes  4 days back

                              Why no word on planned obsolescence?
                              I'd have no trouble inheriting my parent's laptop if it functioned alright
                              Like a voyager space probe

                              • ᖇᗩ乙0229
                                ᖇᗩ乙0229  4 days back

                                Me, an intellectual: _We still have SUN_

                                • TRR47
                                  TRR47  4 days back

                                  5:28 *shots fired

                                  • Brynna Wenz
                                    Brynna Wenz  4 days back

                                    God I recognize this guy from some old YouTube channel but I can’t place it..

                                    • Unotch
                                      Unotch  4 days back

                                      Seems like a good time to invade the Congo!

                                      • Chris Pierce
                                        Chris Pierce  4 days back

                                        Thanks scishow for depressing me before work..

                                        • STEPHAN FEIBISH
                                          STEPHAN FEIBISH  4 days back

                                          I have shares in many if not most of the companies that mine the elements mentioned. Most are money losing propositions that probably will go bankrupt. Losing money for their original shareholders. Picked up for a song and perhaps profitable for some private equity investors.

                                          • Steve Mclean
                                            Steve Mclean  4 days back

                                            When we run out of helium., that is when we all die.

                                            • Lorenzo Robles
                                              Lorenzo Robles  4 days back

                                              @7:27 he claims recycling the metals will help stop climate change...you can't stop the climate, brother.

                                              • Darmok
                                                Darmok  4 days back

                                                Two words: *asteroid mining*

                                                • The One Minds
                                                  The One Minds  4 days back

                                                  Alchemy is the solution to all the problems listed here

                                                  • Frukwon 420
                                                    Frukwon 420  4 days back

                                                    tech companies should pay consumers to recycle their tech

                                                    • Lakshmi T
                                                      Lakshmi T  4 days back

                                                      Why are lanthanide series marked two periods up the group?

                                                      • DEATHWISH -CHRIS
                                                        DEATHWISH -CHRIS  4 days back

                                                        Totally unrelated but the host looks so much like Chino Moreno singer from the Deftones!

                                                        Great video, thanks!

                                                        • Ben Johnson
                                                          Ben Johnson  4 days back

                                                          Global warming is a con, by the way.

                                                          • Hans Hoerdemann
                                                            Hans Hoerdemann  4 days back

                                                            What's wrong with his ear lobes?

                                                            • Daniel Law
                                                              Daniel Law  5 days back

                                                              I look forward to mining asteroid.

                                                              • Harry Helen
                                                                Harry Helen  5 days back

                                                                Damn. This means we can’t make the Death Star. I’m so sad.

                                                                • Armando Flores
                                                                  Armando Flores  5 days back

                                                                  Unlimited universe and we're running out of elements. Smh

                                                                  • Red Jew
                                                                    Red Jew  1 days back

                                                                    The universe is running out because the population is growing and we are using too much resources.

                                                                • Rose Gott
                                                                  Rose Gott  5 days back

                                                                  Thank you, handsome science guy!

                                                                  • Adam Salazar
                                                                    Adam Salazar  5 days back

                                                                    Intense.

                                                                    • Cole Chapman
                                                                      Cole Chapman  5 days back

                                                                      Obviously the solution is to print out more elements duh.

                                                                      • mikitz
                                                                        mikitz  5 days back

                                                                        I used to mining anti-materia. The mine blew up, once I materialized the proceeds.

                                                                        • 989533234564
                                                                          989533234564  5 days back

                                                                          assuming we cant just get them from space in the future once the price is high enough there will be people willing to mine in dangerous conditions to extract the materials even if they try to make doing so illegal, if the price of arsenic was say $200/kg and there were deposits near me with around 1kg of arsenic per ton of ore mined id be right out there with a pick axe and a gas mask id like to think im a decent enough chemist so unless the extraction of the metal requires electrolysis at 2000k ish like with something like sodium or aluminium i could probably do the extraction on a small scale too can't be much worse than working with mercury or lead.

                                                                          • Marco Cardin
                                                                            Marco Cardin  5 days back

                                                                            Metals can be recycled but it's almost impossible to recover helium and that's a huge trouble!

                                                                            • tentimesful
                                                                              tentimesful  5 days back

                                                                              China has probably has the most minerals as their prices stay low, in made in China products... Samsung and others are bringing products that cost 1000+ dollar smartphones , which is a joke... But in real life we will run out of things we can't make out of nothing, iron wolf ertz, uranium, oil etc... World should keep hold on what brings us to forward without those minerals and fossils...

                                                                              • oliver franklin
                                                                                oliver franklin  5 days back

                                                                                The future is bleak for your kids

                                                                                • Jimme2020
                                                                                  Jimme2020  5 days back

                                                                                  Asteroid mining would solve all the problems......

                                                                                  • Betty Hancock
                                                                                    Betty Hancock  5 days back

                                                                                    Wonder how much of these things are on the moon? Or asteroids

                                                                                    • Betty Hancock
                                                                                      Betty Hancock  5 days back

                                                                                      I don't think we're going to have to worry about all this electronics and solar panels much longer. Hopefully.

                                                                                      • Rich
                                                                                        Rich  5 days back

                                                                                        Graphene will be the material of the 21 century.

                                                                                        • Mr Monstah
                                                                                          Mr Monstah  5 days back

                                                                                          Graphene is like really easy to make though

                                                                                          • Ravi Rajyaguru
                                                                                            Ravi Rajyaguru  5 days back

                                                                                            Thanos did have a point though.

                                                                                            • Lobster Johnson
                                                                                              Lobster Johnson  5 days back

                                                                                              So this is what the Incubus singer is up to these days

                                                                                              • Gitana Maldita
                                                                                                Gitana Maldita  6 days back

                                                                                                Good motivation for asteroid mining?